Which Diet-Related Behaviors in Childhood Influence a Healthier DietaryPattern? From the Ewha Birth and Growth Cohort

Collection with item attached
2017
Item details URL
http://open-repository.kisti.re.kr/cube/handle/open_repository/487004.do
DOI
10.3390/nu9010004
Title
Which Diet-Related Behaviors in Childhood Influence a Healthier DietaryPattern? From the Ewha Birth and Growth Cohort
Description
This study was supported by National Research Foundation of Korea Grantfunded by the Korean Government (NRF-2014R1A1A1007207). It had no rolein the design, analysis or writing of this article.
abstract
This study was performed to examine how childhood dietary patterns change over the short term and which changes in diet-related behaviors influence later changes in individual dietary patterns. Using food frequency questionnaire data obtained from children at 7 and 9 years of age from the Ewha Birth and Growth Cohort, we examined dietary patterns by principal component analysis. We calculated the individual changes in dietary pattern scores. Changes in dietary habits such as eating a variety of food over two years were defined as "increased", "stable", or "decreased". The dietary patterns, termed "healthy intake", "animal food intake", and "snack intake", were similar at 7 and 9 years of age. These patterns explained 32.3% and 39.1% of total variation at the ages of 7 and 9 years, respectively. The tracking coefficient of snack intake had the highest coefficient (gamma = 0.53) and that of animal food intake had the lowest (gamma = 0.21). Intra-individual stability in dietary habits ranged from 0.23 to 0.47, based on the sex-adjusted weighted kappa values. Of the various behavioral factors, eating breakfast every day was most common in the "stable" group (83.1%), whereas consuming milk or dairy products every day was the least common (49.0%). Moreover, changes in behavior that improved the consumption of milk or dairy products or encouraged the consumption of vegetables with every meal had favorable effects on changes in healthy dietary pattern scores over two years. However, those with worsened habits, such as less food variety and more than two portions of fried or stir-fried food every week, had unfavorable effects on changes in healthy dietary pattern scores. Our results suggest that diet-related behaviors can change, even over a short period, and these changes can affect changes in dietary pattern.
provenance
Made available in Cube on 2018-09-28T16:22:42Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0
language
English
author
Lee, Hye Ah
Hwang, Hyo Jeong
Oh, Se Young
Park, Eun Ae
Cho, Su Jin
Kim, Hae Soon
Park, Hyesook
orcid
Park, Hyesook/0000-0002-9359-6522
accessioned
2018-09-28T16:22:42Z
available
2018-09-28T16:22:42Z
issued
2017
citation
NUTRIENTS(9): 1
issn
2072-6643
uri
http://open-repository.kisti.re.kr/cube/handle/open_repository/487004.do
Funder
미래창조과학부
Funding Program
개인연구지원
Project ID
1711036791
Jurisdiction
Rep.of Korea
Project Name
The research of family based approach for early life diet patterns & eating behaviors
rights
openAccess
subject
children
dietary pattern
diet-related behavior
longitudinal study
type
article


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